Consumer Groups Call on Florida Insurance Commission to Stop Massive Forced-Placed Insurance Overcharges
Groups Decry Bogus Rate Filing by Assurant
Washington, D.C. (May 13, 2013) -- At a hearing in Tallahassee today, the Consumer Federation of America (CFA) and the Center for Economic Justice (CEJ) will urge the Florida Insurance Commissioner to stop the huge overcharges of “force-placed” insurance (FPI) that are punishing struggling homeowners.
When consumers get a mortgage loan, the lender requires the borrower to maintain insurance to protect the property. Mortgage servicers track all loans for required insurance and when the required insurance is missing, the servicers “force-place” insurance. Despite the fact that FPI has far less coverage than a homeowners policy – no coverage for contents, liability or additional living expense in the event of a catastrophe forcing the consumer out of the home – the average premium for FPI in Florida is two to three times higher than the average homeowners premium.
FPI has come under criticism from consumer groups, mortgage investors, state attorneys general, federal banking regulators and the Federal Housing Finance Authority, which oversees Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The groups complain that FPI charges to borrowers are massively inflated to provide kickbacks from the FPI insurer to the mortgage servicer. The New York Department of Financial Services recently ordered FPI insurers to lower rates, pay refunds to consumers and pay penalties of over $20 million.
Florida is the epicenter of FPI in the United States with 35% of the countrywide FPI premium. And one company, American Security Insurance Company (ASIC), part of the Assurant Group, writes almost 70% of the Florida FPI premium. (See Tables 2 and 3)
FPI has been hugely profitable for Assurant and mortgage servicers. The massive overcharges of ASIC’s FPI are evidenced by the low loss ratios compared to homeowners insurance. The loss ratio is the dollars of claims divided by dollars of premium: Table 1 shows that for the period 2004 to 2012, ASIC’s FPI loss ratio was only 16.4% compared to the Florida homeowners loss ratio over that period of 71.3%
Today’s hearing was called by the Florida Insurance Commissioner for public comment on a recent rate filing by ASIC in which ASIC proposes no rate change
“FPI rates are inflated by reverse competition,” said J. Robert Hunter, Director of Insurance for CFA, former Texas Insurance Commissioner and a consulting actuary. “FPI insurers compete for business by larding premiums with expenses to provide kickbacks to mortgage servicers. The mortgage servicer passes the cost of the FPI on to borrowers, but takes a big piece of the premium in cash or subsidized services. The outrageous ASIC filing shows the results of reverse competition – massively excessive rates.”
Birny Birnbaum, executive director of the Center for Economic Justice and a national expert on FPI said, “The proposed rates are a sham. ASIC has filed a rate request 25% higher than they actually want so they can “settle” for the 20% rate cut they were ready to accept all along. Consumers in Florida and around the country desperately need the Insurance Commissioner to get it right with FPI rates. Anything less than a rate cut of 50% will be unfair to consumers and a victory for Assurant
Contact: J. Robert Hunter, 703-528-0062; Birny Birnbaum, 512-784-7663
CFA is a non-profit association of 300 organizations that, since 1968, has sought to advance the consumer interest through research, advocacy and education.
CEJ is a non-profit organization that works to increase the availability, affordability and accessibility of insurance, credit, utilities, and other economic goods and services for low income and minority consumers.